환경 및 에너지

Seattle Wildfire Smoke

기후 변화는 특히 세계와 워싱턴 모두를 위협합니다. 일생 동안 나는 워싱턴의 기후 변화를 보았습니다. 우리의 여름은 더 덥고 길며, 겨울은 더 춥고 눈이 더 자주 내리며, 우리의 숲은 더 건조합니다. 산불은 이제 대부분의 9월 주 양쪽에서 연기로 하늘을 덮고 엄청난 양의 탄소를 대기로 방출하고 귀중한 탄소 흡수원을 파괴합니다. 그러나 실제로 차이를 만들기 위해 우리가 할 수 있는 일은 무엇이며 비용은 얼마입니까?

나는 기후 변화에 대한 해결책이 사회 공학이라고 생각하지 않습니다. 사람들이 고기를 먹지 않거나 자녀를 적게 낳도록 강요하는 것은 일을 하지 않으며 도덕적인 해결책이 아닙니다. 저는 기후 변화에 대한 해결책이 과학과 실제 공학, 즉 기술, 혁신, 투자라고 믿습니다. 워싱턴은 경외심을 불러일으키는 댐 덕분에 이미 미국에서 탄소 의존도가 가장 낮은 에너지 그리드를 사용하고 있습니다. 우리는 안정적이고 지속 가능한 에너지 생산을 계속 추진하고 친환경 에너지를 보다 비용 효율적이고 에너지 효율적으로 만드는 방법에 계속 투자하고 전기 자동차용 전기 그리드를 엄격하게 준비해야 합니다. 그러나 우리는 더 나아가야 합니다. 탄소 첨가 속도를 아무리 줄여도 문제가 해결되지 않습니다. 우리는 탄소 빼기를 받아들여야 합니다.

우리의 권리를 침해하지 않고 실제로 변화를 일으킬 수 있는 백만 가지의 훌륭한 아이디어가 있으며 발견되기를 기다리고 있는 백만 가지가 더 있습니다.

누구도 뒤처지지 않는 진지하고 인간 중심적인 기후 변화 정책을 수용합시다.

Governor Inslee and the state legislature have pushed hard to promote electric vehicles. Democrats in the legislature, including the 44th District’s April Berg and John Lovick, went so far as to pass a bill banning the sale of new gasoline-powered vehicles within the decade, although this provision was vetoed by the Governor. While electric vehicles are likely the future of personal transportation, this bill was short-sighted for two reasons: 1) electric vehicles remain prohibitively expensive for the working class, something which will not likely change in the near future, and 2) our electric grid is not yet up to the burden this mandate would place upon it, and forcing the matter will lead Washington into routine California-like brownouts.

Bringing our electric grid up to where it needs to be will require a very large investment, both in new generating capacity and in new lines to transmit larger amounts power across the state, especially from dams east of the Cascades to the Puget Sound region. Currently, three high-capacity (500 kV or higher) transmission lines cross the Cascades along with three mid-range lines. With an expected energy demand predicted to increase by 90% over the next thirty years, both of these numbers will likely need to increase, and mid-range lines need to be upgraded to high capacity.

As we upgrade our transmission lines, it is also imperative that we invest in moving our power lines underground. This should be done for two reasons:

First, high winds and falling trees regularly knock out power to large swaths of Snohomish County. Growing up in rural Kayak Point, we regularly lost power in the winter for days on end due to falling trees. If we are going to build a transportation system reliant on at-home vehicle charging (not to mention talk of banning gasoline home generators), we cannot allow rural and suburban areas to lose access to basic transportation.

Second, high winds and aging materials regularly turn aerial transmission lines into the spark for wildfires. We’ve seen the massive destruction caused by downed lines in California’s 2018 Camp Fire, the most destructive in the state’s history, and the 2021 wildfire in suburban Boulder, Colorado. These wildfires not only destroyed towns but also released enormous quantities of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and destroyed invaluable carbon sinks. Burying electrical lines erases almost all of this risk.

This investment will not be cheap, but it will be necessary.

Washington has long maintained the least carbon-reliant power grid of any state, primarily thanks to our massive hydroelectric dams, but also due to nuclear power plants. These electricity sources are reliable, consistent, powerful, and do not produce notable amounts of carbon dioxide.

Wind and solar energy, while useful as supplements, are not viable substitutes for hydro and nuclear power. They are intermittent power sources which require quickly adjustable base sources to cover for them when the sun does not shine and the wind does not blow. This is why every state and country, including Washington, which heavily pushes toward expanding wind and solar ends up heavily expanding backup natural gas utilization; when this comes at the expense of hydro and nuclear, the net result is frequently that expanding wind and solar as base sources means higher carbon dioxide emissions than before expansion.

Despite this, some environmentalists would like to see both done away with, or at least reduced. There is steady talk of removing dams on the Lower Snake River in order to help salmon at the cost of 8 billion kWh/year of electricity generation, threatening either a future of California-like brownouts or increased natural gas use and therefore increased carbon emissions. I am a strong defender of Washington’s dams and will never put the needs of fish before the needs of human beings.

Nuclear technology has improved by leaps and bounds since the first nuclear plants were built here in Washington, especially with regard to nuclear waste, which can now be recycled in Generation IV “fast breeder” reactors which utilize closed fuel cycles– turning waste into new fuel. Advances such as small modular reactors mean nuclear generation is much less capital intensive to set up, can be deployed strategically as demand changes, is less likely to run into delays and cost overruns, and presents much lower radiation leakage risk as the amount of radiation generated at any one given location is far lower. Nuclear power must be an important part in Washington’s energy portfolio going forward, especially if climate change leads to drier summers and faster snow melt.

Washington, and much of the rest of western North America, has seen a surge in large, uncontrolled wildfires in the past five to ten years– destroying homes and lives, removing vital carbon sinks, and releasing carbon dioxide equivalent to years of statewide vehicle emissions. These wildfires are byproducts of both climate change and deliberately forsaking proper forest management for attempts at total fire suppression.

Research from the University of Washington finds active forest management techniques critical to reducing wildfire frequency and severity. Investing in active forest management requires work and additional funding on multiple fronts:

First, let’s strategically plant millions of trees across eastern Washington to absorb more carbon dioxide. This will provide flexibility to thin existing forests prone to high-severity wildfires, especially in the eastern Cascades.

Next, let’s use targeted cuts which preserve large-diameter trees, controlled burns, and reductions to surface fuel levels throughout our forests to starve wildfires before they can grow.

Snohomish County에서 탄소 포집 및 격리, 직접적인 공기 포집 프로세스, 포집된 탄소를 단순히 캐스케이드 깊숙이 묻는 것 이상으로 안전하게 활용하는 방법을 발전시키기 위해 연구원과 업계를 한데 모으는 데 전념하는 대학을 찾자.

동물 사료 및 플라스틱 대체품에 사용하기 위해 이산화탄소를 소비하는 조류를 산업적 규모로 수확합시다.

농업에 사용하기 위한 토양 탄소 모니터링 및 포집 기술을 발전시키고 보조금을 지급합시다.

While property taxes should be phased out in favor of land value taxes, our current property tax system punishes homeowners who install solar panels on their property by increasing their improved property value assessment. Washington exempts solar installation from sales taxes, but not from more costly increases in property taxes. We should ensure that individuals who wish to generate their own electricity, reducing the burden on system-wide energy sources, have as much help in doing so as possible.

주립 커뮤니티 및 기술 대학을 통해 현재 자동차 정비사 및 기술자에게 전기 자동차 유지 보수에 대한 무료 과정 및 학위 프로그램을 제공합시다. 이러한 프로그램은 이러한 근로자의 기존 작업을 수용할 수 있는 유연한 야간 및 주말 과정을 제공해야 합니다.

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