아메리칸 드림은 단순히 하늘에서 떨어진 것이 아니라 수십 년 동안 노동자들의 끈기로 이뤄졌습니다. 상향 소득 이동성, 즉 자녀가 같은 나이에 부모보다 더 많이 벌 수 있는 능력과 노동 조합 조직이 동시에 정점을 찍고 하락한 것은 우연이 아닙니다. 노동자의 권리는 임금을 높이고, 혜택을 제공하고, 선택을 확대하고, 저임금 노동자가 경제 및 사회 생활에 더 완전히 참여할 수 있는 품위 있는 커뮤니티를 구축합니다.. 보잉의 기계공, 항만 노동자, 목재 노동자, 팀스터, 재택 간호 노동자, 교사, 탁아소 노동자 등 노동자 조직에 대한 워싱턴의 오랜 역사는 한때 소득 이동성 부문에서 주에서 뛰어난 성과를 거두었지만 수십 년에 걸친 아웃소싱, 노동 인신매매, 퇴행적 과세, 님비주의(NIMBYism)와 과잉 규 제로 인해 소득 상승률이 전국 평균 이하로 떨어졌습니다..
조합원으로서 저는 모든 근로자가 단체 교섭을 할 수 있는 권리를 지지하며 노조가 근로자의 권리를 보장하는 중요한 도구라고 믿습니다. 그러나 노조가 근로자의 권리를 보호하는 유일한 방법은 될 수 없으며 그렇게 되어서도 안 됩니다. 광범위한 친노동자 정책을 제정하고 아메리칸 드림의 핵심에 있는 소득 상향 이동을 재건하기 시작합시다.
Forty-nine states, including Washington, use the policy of at-will employment, meaning workers at private businesses can be fired for any reason or no reason at all. This policy gives employers tremendous power over the personal lives of their employees, allows bosses to discriminate and harass with plausible deniability, limits the speech workers can practically exercise, and leaves the working class with minimal job security and maximal stress.
Let’s give all workers the same protection as state employees, many union workers, and the majority of private-sector executives. Let’s require just cause for termination for all employees who pass an initial six-month probationary period, as is the case in Montana. Just cause would allow termination only for reasonable, timely, work-related reasons such as failure to perform duties, disruption of business operations, or illegal activity during the period of employment. Employers would no longer be able to fire employees for arbitrary reasons or to cover up harassment and discrimination. Workers would no longer fear being fired over something they did decades ago, advocated for online, or because their new boss just doesn’t like the cut of their jib.
Let’s follow the footsteps of California and add political identity as a protected class under state non-discrimination laws. No worker should be fired or customer denied service (excepting explicitly political employment or services) solely on account of their speech and beliefs.
Through my academic research, I gained access to massive datasets which many people believe present significant privacy concerns, such as large-scale smartphone location tracking data. This data has many important and legitimate uses, such as scientific and research purposes or policy implementation and evaluation, but it is most frequently used in commercial applications. While these applications have spurred important innovations, individuals have little say over how their data is used or who can use it, and they receive little direct reward for their participation while large tech firms reap massive profits.
Rather than corporations simply taking our information, let’s recognize that individuals own their data and have rights over it. In doing so, we can flip the present dynamic on its head, compensating individuals in exchange for privacy reductions while still providing innovative opportunities to firms.
First, we need GDPR-like data rights to protect sensitive personal data. Namely, we must guarantee that individuals have the following rights concerning corporate use of their data:
- The right to access stored personal data
- The right to update, correct, anonymize, or erase stored personal data
- The right to authorize and restrict uses of data
- The right to limit to whom data can be re-sold
- The right to know to whom data had previously been sold
- The right to port data
- The right to object to automated processing of data
Second, personal data is overutilized relative to the social optimum as companies do not fully internalize the cost of its use– economists describe this as an incomplete market.
Let’s create a secure, decentralized data market where companies, researchers, and government pay subscription fees to individuals to use their personal data in their projects. The fee would vary depending on the amount of data the company wished to use, the sensitivity of the data needed, how recent the data had to be, the purpose of the data use, and the individual’s willingness to accept. Individuals would be given an exclusive copyright over their personal data, and any unauthorized use of the data would entitle the individual to recover trebled damages in court along with legal fees.